Liking, Attraction, & Relationships
3 factors that affect interpersonal attraction
3. Physical attractiveness
I FAMILIARITY: Literally, how often we see someone
A. more interaction
B. mere exposure
e.g., Studies w/ mirror images of the self
Do birds of a feather flock together
Do opposites attract
---SIMILARITY IN ATTRACTIVENESS
e.g., the matching phenomenon
---SIMILARITY IN VALUES
AS A GENERAL RULE…
In the short term---opposites may attract
In the long run-----people who are similar stay together
III PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS
e.g., Walster’s dance study
1. Sex….more attractive people are more sexually arousing
2. Aesthetic appeal….We like to look good and get “props” from others for being with attractive people
3. The physical attractiveness stereotype….”What is beautiful is also good”
Is the stereotype true?
Then where does it come from?
1. Taught by culture
2. Wouldn’t it make life easier?
How pervasive is the stereotype?
BABIES & MOTHERS
THE ROLE OF CULTURE IN PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS
1950’s: Marilyn Monroe hour glass shape
1960/70’s: Very thin runway model look
1980’s: More fit, athletic look
1990’s: Athletic still seems popular but with body piercings, tattoos, & fake breasts
Is there a downside to being attractive?
B) High school year book studies
MALES VS. FEMALES
1. Importance of physical attractiveness
2. Casual sex
EVOLVED MATE PREFERENCES
1. Economic Capacity
2. Social Status
3. Age-- maturity
4. Ambition & industriousness
5. Dependability & stability
Intelligence, size & strength, good health
*Love & commitment
Why do men marry?
2. Physical Beauty
4. Body shape
Sexual vs. Emotional Jealousy