Pete Hurd, Associate Prof.
Department of Psychology, &
Centre for Neuroscience
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Ph (office) : 780.492-3578
Ph (dry lab) : 780.492-5259
Ph (wet lab) : 780.492-8058
Fax (dept): 780.492-1768
Office: Biological Sciences Building, Room P-445
Office Hours: TBA
Honours Advising Office (BS-P 222C) Hours:
Honours Advising hours: TBA
Peter L. Hurd @ ResearchGate, ResearcherID, GoogleScholar
Education and Employment:
|Associate Chair, Undergraduate Programs||2012||Department of Psychology, University of Alberta|
|on Sabbatical||2009||in Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University||with Bernie Crespi|
|Associate Professor||2007||Department of Psychology, University of Alberta|
|Member||2006||Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta|
|Assistant Professor||2001||Department of Psychology, University of Alberta|
|Lecturer (Biostatistics)||2000||School of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin|
|Post-Doctoral Fellow||1999||Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin||with Mike Ryan|
|Ph.D.||1997||Zoology Institute, Stockholm University||with Magnus Enquist|
|M.Sc.||1993||Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University||with Ron Ydenberg|
|B.Sc. (with Highest Honours)||1990||Departments of Biology & Psychology, Carleton University||with Pat Weatherhead.|
Teaching and Advising:
A list of courses I have taught, some words about my teaching philosophy etc are on my Teaching Page, a collection of gathered wisdom for students on the general topic of learning and scholarship can be found on my Page of Assorted Cruft.
Science Honours Advising: By appointment.
Research and Supervision in the Sex & Violence Lab:
The long term goal of my research is to understand the causes, both evolutionary and developmental, of individual differences in aggressiveness and other social behaviours. My work has examined how individual variation in social behaviour, i) evolves — through the use of game theoretical models, ii) is tied to genetic variation — through the use of molecular genetics, and iii) is tied to brain structure and function — using a variety of neuroscience techniques. Using both humans and cichlid fish as research subjects, members of my lab investigate the links between genes, hormones, brain and behaviour. We are interested in phenomena apparently related to sexual differentiation, such as aggression, handedness, autism, schizophrenia, and social intelligence, as well as phenomena linked to stress coping, including programming effects of early developmental stress exposure, variation in stress coping style, the development of bold vs. shy personalities and susceptibility to post-traumatic stress disorder.
By training I am a behavioural ecologist. Much of my earlier work studied the evolution of social behaviour between individuals in situations of conflict. I have been particularly interested in communication and decision making in aggressive interactions. I have used both mathematical modelling (game theory, genetic algorithms, neural networks, and stochastic dynamic programming models), and empirical research (from experimental economics and whole organismal behavioural ecology to molecular genetics and immunocytochemistry of brain regions involved in sexual and aggressive behaviours).
A write-up of some of my more recent research can be found in this departmental Researcher Highlight, an amusing older Prof of the Month interview, an informal university profile of some of my older research can be found here. University coverage of some of my grad student, Allie Bailey's, work. More coverage by of the same work by the BBC, the New York Times, Discover Magazine, Scientific American Mind, National Geographic and Jay Leno.
Research Opportunities: I am usually looking for prospective lab members. Undergraduate Psychology students interested in working on a PSYCO 299 (2nd year students), PSYCO 496/498 Individual Study project, or Honours Project. Neuroscience students interested in examining neurological basis of personality in animals, Prospective graduate students with research experience, and postdoctoral researchers with funding are all encouraged to contact me.
Recent Work: (2005 to present)
- Özener B, Hurd PL, Duyar İ. 2014. Inbreeding is associated with lower 2D:4D digit ratio. to appear in American Journal of Human Biology. (doi:10.1002/ajhb.22491)
- Helgesen IM, Hamblin S, Hurd PL, 2013. Does cheating pay? Reexamining the evolution of deception in a conventional signaling game. Animal Behaviour 86: 1215-1224. (doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.09.023)
- Thompson GJ, Hurd PL, Crespi BJ. 2013. Genes underlying altruism. Biology Letters 9: 20130395. (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2013.0395)
- Leach EL, Hurd PL, Crespi BJ. 2013. Schizotypy, cognitive performance, and genetic risk for schizophrenia in a non-clinical population. Personality and Individual Differences 55: 334-338. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.03.010).
- Reddon AR & Hurd PL. 2013. Water pH during early development influences sex ratio and male morph in a West African cichlid fish, Pelvicachromis pulcher. Zoology 116: 139-143. (doi:10.1016/j.zool.2012.11.001) (Issue Cover).
- Dinsdale NL, Hurd PL, Wakabayashi A, Elliot MG, Crespi BJ. 2013. How are autism and schizotypy related? Evidence from a non-clinical population. PLoS One 8(5): e6331. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063316)
- Chee SA, Espinoza WAS, Iwaniuk AN, Pakan JM, Gutiérrez-Ibáñez C, Wylie DR, Hurd PL (2013). Social status, breeding state, and GnRH soma size in convict cichlids (Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus). Behavioural Brain Research 237: 318–324. (doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2012.09.023)
- Vaillancourt KL, Dinsdale NL, Hurd PL (2012). Estrogen Receptor 1 promoter polymorphism and digit ratio in men. The American Journal of Human Biology 24: 682–689. (doi:10.1002/ajhb.22297)
- Moscicki MK, Reddon AR, Hurd PL (2011). Lateralized behaviour of a non-social cichlid fish (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) in a social and a non-social environment. Behavioral Processes 88: 27–32. (doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2011.07.004)
- Dinsdale NL, Reddon AR, Hurd PL (2011). Sex differences in the relationship between aggressiveness and the strength of handedness in Humans. Laterality. 16: 385-400. (doi:10.1080/13576501003683087)
- Hurd PL, Vaillancourt K, Dinsdale NL (2011) Aggression, digit ratio and variation in Androgen Receptor and Monoamine Oxidase A genes in men. Behavior Genetics 41: 543-556. (doi:10.1007/s10519-010-9404-7)
- Gutiérrez-Ibáñez C, Reddon AR, Kreuzer MB, Wylie DR, Hurd PL. (2011). Variation in asymmetry of the habenular nucleus correlates with behavioural asymmetry in a cichlid fish. Behavioural Brain Research. 221: 189-196. (doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.001)
- Guillette LM, Bailey AA, Reddon AR, Hurd PL, Sturdy CB, 2010. Capture order is repeatable in chickadees. International Journal of Comparative Psychology 23: 216-224. (pdf)
- Enquist M, Hurd PL & Ghirlanda S. 2010. Signalling, Chapter 16, in Westneat DF & Fox CW (eds) Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology, Oxford University Press. pp 266-284.
- Hurd PL. 2010. Honest Signaling. In Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. Breed MD & Moore J (eds.). pp 84-88. Academic Press: Oxford.
- Garamszegi LZ, Calhim S, Dochtermann N, Hegyi G, Hurd PL, Jørgensen C, Kutsukake N, Lajeunesse MJ, Pollard KA, Schielzeth H, Symonds MRE, Nakagawa S, 2009. Changing philosophies and tools for statistical inferences in behavioral ecology. Behavioural Ecology 20: 1363-1375. (doi:10.1093/beheco/arp137, affiliated BeStat website)
- Hurd PL, 2009. Pitting the boys against the girls (Book review: Roughgarden J, The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Fitness), Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 24: 646-647. (doi:10.1016/j.tree.2009.08.010, supplemental notes).
- Guillette LM, Reddon AR, Hurd PL, Sturdy CB. 2009. Exploration of a novel space is associated with individual differences in learning speed in black-capped chickadees, Poecile atricapillus. Behavioural Processes 82: 265-270. (doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2009.07.005 )
- Reddon AR & Hurd PL. 2009. Acting unilaterally: Why do animals with strongly lateralized brains behave differently than those with weakly lateralized brains? Bioscience Hypotheses 2: 383-387. (doi:10.1016/j.bihy.2009.06.007)
- Reddon AR & Hurd PL. 2009. Sex differences in the cerebral lateralization of a cichlid fish when detouring to view emotionally conditioned stimuli. Behavioural Processes 82: 25-29. (doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2009.03.005)
- Yan RH, Brunning M, Wahlsten D & Hurd PL. 2009. Digit ratio (2D:4D) differences between 20 strains of inbred mice. PLoS ONE. 4: e5801. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005801)
- Reddon AR, Gutiérrez-Ibáñez C, Wylie DR & Hurd PL. 2009. The relationship between growth, brain asymmetry and behavioural lateralization in a cichlid fish. Behavioural Brain Research 201: 223-228. (doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2009.02.015)
- Laplante DP, Bouchard I, Hurd PL, Brunet A, & King S, 2009. Project Ice Storm: Effects of prenatal maternal stress on physical development. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 37: s23.
- Hamblin S & Hurd PL. 2009. When will evolution lead to deceptive signalling in the Sir Philip Sidney game? Theoretical Population Biology 75: 176-182. (doi:10.1016/j.tpb.2009.02.002)
- Reddon AR & Hurd PL. 2009. Differences in aggressive behavior between convict cichlid color morphs: amelanistic convicts lose even with a size advantage. Acta Ethologica 12 49-53. (doi:10.1007/s10211-009-0054-9)
- Moroschan G, Hurd PL, Nicoladis E. 2009. Sex differences in the use of indirect aggression in adult Canadians. Evolutionary Psychology. 7: 146-159. (PDF)
- Reddon AR & Hurd PL. 2009. Individual differences in cerebral lateralization are associated with shy-bold variation in the convict cichlid. Animal Behaviour 77: 189-193. (doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2008.09.026)
- Yan RHY, Malisch JL, Hannon RM, Hurd PL & Garland T Jr. 2008. Selective breeding for a behavioral trait changes digit ratio. PLoS ONE 3: e2316 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003216)
- Reddon AR & Hurd PL. 2008. Aggression, sex and individual differences in cerebral lateralization in a cichlid fish. Biology Letters 4: 338-340. (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0206)
- Hurd PL, Bailey AA, Gongal PA, Yan RH, Greer JJ & Pagliardini S. 2008. Intrauterine position effects on anogenital distance and digit ratio in male and female mice. Archives of Sexual Behavior 37: 9-18. (doi:10.1007/s10508-007-9259-z)
- Hamblin S & Hurd PL. 2007. Genetic algorithms and non-ESS solutions to game theory models. Animal Behaviour 74: 1005-1018. (doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.01.013)
- Brown AA, Spetch ML, & Hurd PL. 2007. Growing in circles:Rearing environment mediates spatial navigation in fish. Psychological Science 18: 569-573. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01941.x)
- Hurd PL & van Anders SM. 2007. Latitude, digit ratios, and Allen's and Bergmann's rules: A comment on Loehlin, McFadden, Medland, and Martin (2006). Archives of Sexual Behavior 36: 139-141. (doi:10.1007/s10508-006-9149-9)
- Iwaniuk AN, Hurd PL & Wylie DRW. 2007. Comparative morphology of the avian cerebellum: II. Relative size of folia. Brain Behavior & Evolution 69: 196-219. (doi:10.1159/000096987)
- Hurd PL, Bunning M, Fernando N, Yan RH, Wahlsten D. 2006. Digit ratio and CNS masculinization in mice. Brain Behavior & Evolution 68: 113.
- Hurd PL. 2006. Resource holding potential, subjective resource value, and game theoretical models of aggressiveness signalling. Journal of Theoretical Biology 241: 639-648. (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.01.001)
- Iwaniuk AN, Hurd PL & Wylie DRW. 2006. Comparative morphology of the avian cerebellum: I. Degree of foliation. Brain Behavior & Evolution 68: 45-62. (doi:10.1159/000093530)
- Hurd PL. 2006. Debating sexual selection and mating strategies (letter) Science 312: 692-693.
- Hurd PL, & Wahlsten D. 2006. No sex difference in mouse digit ratio: reply to Voracek (letter) Genes Brain and Behavior 5: 300--302.
- Iwaniuk AN, Hurd PL & Wylie DRW. 2006. The comparative morphology of the cerebellum in caprimulgiform birds: evolutionary and functional implications. Brain Behavior & Evolution 67: 53-68. (doi:10.1159/000089120)
- Hurd PL & Enquist M. 2005. A strategic taxonomy of biological communication. Animal Behaviour 70: 1155-1170 (doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2005.02.014)
- Bailey AA & Hurd PL, 2005. Depression in men is associated with more feminine finger length ratios. Personality and Individual Differences 39: 829-836. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2004.12.017)
- Bailey AA, Wahlsten D & Hurd PL, 2005. Digit ratio (2D:4D) and behavioral differences between inbred mouse strains. Genes, Brain & Behavior 4: 318-323. (doi:10.1111/j.1601-183X.2004.00110.x)
- Pakan JMP, Todd KG, Nguyen AP, Winship IR, Hurd PL, Jantzie L & Wylie DRW, 2005. Inferior olivary neurons innervate multiple zones of the flocculus in pigeons (Columba livia). Journal of Comparative Neurology 486: 159-168. (doi:10.1002/cne.20523)
- Iwaniuk AN & Hurd PL, 2005. The evolution of cerebrotypes in birds. Brain Behavior & Evolution 65: 215-230. (doi:10.1159/000084313)
- Winship IR, Hurd PL, & Wylie DRW, 2005. Spatiotemporal tuning of optic flow inputs to the vestibulocerebellum in pigeons: Differences between mossy and climbing fiber pathways. Journal of Neurophysiology 93: 1266-1277. (doi:10.1152/jn.00815.2004)
- Bailey AA & Hurd PL, 2005. Finger length ratio predicts physical aggression in men but not women. Biological Psychology 68: 215-222. (doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.05.001)